Here we go again. I’ve written before in this space that, yes, counsel, you do have to translate that thing.
But resistance keeps coming up in the legal community: “oh, come on, the defendant lived in Chicago* for twelve years– the guy speaks English!”
Perhaps, but he lives in Germany now, and you’re serving him there. Germany requires translation into German, without regard to the defendant’s competence in English.
(Yet they continue to push.)