(Author’s Note, February 2024:  A whole bunch of litigators have successfully petitioned U.S. courts for orders to serve in China electronically pursuant to Rule 4(f)(3).  This is a horrible, terrible, very very bad idea.  Why?  Because it conflicts violently with the Hague Service Convention.  Don’t even bother, lest you set yourself up for a

The Hague, Netherlands.  November 10, 2016.

I’m in the small city in Holland that is both the Dutch political capital and the center of global  jurisprudence.  Home to the International Court of Justice, it is also where some three dozen international agreements—the Hague Conventions—have been formulated to harmonize cross-border legal doctrines in private law

(… or, if you will, “How to not have to hire Viking Advocates when the contract sours.”)

Let’s get the disclaimers out of the way.  One, this advice is legal in nature, but it is not offered to a specific person.  It is general information meant to provide perspective, to highlight the vulnerabilities in